Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Racial Prejudice And Racial Discrimination - 1637 Words

When referencing the topic of racism and racial discrimination in today’s society, one of the biggest questions that still remain unanswered is as such: Why does racial discrimination still exist? What factors take place within the human mind that might cause feelings of hatred and bigotry? What can result from an individual using racially discriminating language? From times predating even the most notable case of as much, pre-Civil War United States American slavery, discrimination has existed in many different forms throughout world history. To date, there is much debate still about what drove early colonists from Europe to begin â€Å"harvesting† and using Africans, Aborigines, and various Caribbean island based people of color for the purpose of hard labor and trade. Some feel that the justification for the actions of the Europeans is simply a case of cultural ignorance, tied in with at the time, a lack of understanding and empathy for world cultures. Some feel that Religion may have played a key role in their decisions. In these modern times, we may never know the full answer. Though the times of slavery, legal segregation in the 1950’s, and Jim Crowe Laws are long behind, deep-seated racism, bigotry, and hatred is still a major problem that plagues all levels of culture within the United States. From blue-collar workers, to law enforcement officers, even delving into the upper tiers of the United States government, racial prejudice may be readily found, and quite easily.Show MoreRelatedRacial Prejudice And Racial Discrimination Essay1347 Words   |  6 PagesRacial discrimination is one of many terms used to express the suppression of a race or many races, but more specifically, it refers to the ill-treatment a person or group receives as a result of differences in their race, color, descent, national, ethnic origin or immigrant status. (Australian Human Rights Commission, 2016). Racial discrimination can be perpetrated by individuals within society, and corporate institutions such as schools, the work force and the government, all of which we hav e seenRead MoreRacial Prejudice And Racial Discrimination974 Words   |  4 PagesFor many years prejudice have been dominant throughout American history. Prejudice refers to a negative attitude toward and entire category of people, such as a racial or ethnic minority, while discrimination refers to behaviors directly to an individual and groups because of prejudice or for other arbitrary reason. (Schaefer, 2010) When people hear the word prejudice, they already know it’s a Black in society today. Our main goal is to remember how important it is that prejudice is a problem inRead MoreRacial Prejudice And Racial Discrimination Essay2167 Words   |  9 PagesWhat It Means To Be A Student of Color The discourse regarding racial climate in schools across the nation has changed over time, from one of blatant acts of racism, as the Jim Crow Laws of legalized segregation, to what we consider today as covert racism; racism that is concealed within the fabric of society. The racial slights, stereotypes, and other types discrimination that People of Color experience are what are known today as racial microaggressions. Even though legalized segregation has longRead MoreRacial Prejudice And Racial Discrimination859 Words   |  4 Pageshundred percent accurate. A racial comment would be that African Americans are dangerous coming from the fact that there are more African American in prison that any other demographic. In today’s America, racism is practiced in every sort of way from subtle, aversive, to even â€Å"reverse† racism and, many more. the most common way to racially discriminate against a group is through visual processing, however, what causes this to be the most common mean of discrimination, could it be that this is howRead MoreRacial Prejudice : An Understanding Of Prejudice And Discrimination862 Words   |  4 PagesRacial Prejudice A child is born without any preconceived notions or beliefs, they are Society’s projects to mold and shape for the future. From the day a child is born he or she begins to learn beliefs that will be carried through life. In fact, according to Stephanie Pappas â€Å"Kids develop an understanding of prejudice and discrimination in a fairly predictable manner. Between the ages of 3 and 6, they begin to understand and use stereotypes† (Pappas, â€Å"Young Kids Take Parents’ Word on Prejudice†)Read MoreRacism : Racial Discrimination And Prejudice1556 Words   |  7 Pagesfor everyone to be racist? Eventually, we have to change this cycle we will continue this ignorance. We should never allow reverse racism, this term is used to describe acts of discrimination and prejudice perpetrated by racial minorities or historically oppressed ethical groups against individuals belonging to the racial majority or historically dominant ethical groups, according to Wikiped ia. Apparently, â€Å"reverse racism does not exist and a person who claims otherwise is outing themselvesRead MoreRacial Prejudice And Racial Discrimination During The 1920 S1585 Words   |  7 Pageshistory of segregation and discrimination that has long affected present policy. It is clear that racial minorities have been targets of this racial bias for years, and even after slavery was abolished, African-Americans continued to face the most racism due to the color of their skin. Thus, by looking at how John Franklin’s life experience as a boy scout during the 1920’s illustrates a small peek into the history of race and ethnicity in America, we can see how racial hostility, and the Anglo-SaxonRead More Prejudice and Racial Discrimination in America Essay2564 Words   |  11 Pagespower From African Americans when they most needed it. Even today it is diminished but not vanquished as linguistic and educational challenges combine with disagreements amongst those cal ling for integration to further stall our ability to achieve racial harmony. Hatred is an ancient evil that may yet be conquered through understanding. The place to begin is of course at the beginning, when first the white man came dominate and slander the African man. For our purposes this begins back in theRead MoreRacial Prejudice And Discrimination On Children s Self Esteem1891 Words   |  8 PagesIntroduction Racial prejudice and discrimination can negatively affect children’s self-esteem. In 1954, the Supreme Court of the United States enacted the Brown v. Board of Education to outlaw racial segregation from public schools in order to establish equality among children of different racial and ethnic backgrounds (Zirkel, 2005). However, racial prejudice and discrimination still exist within the educational system where children continue to experience these inequalities (Zirkel, 2005). ClarkRead MoreChristian Prejudice and Racial Discrimination of Marginalized in the Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare3691 Words   |  15 PagesIn Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice, there are quite a few cases in which the non-Christian characters are marginalized and victimized of Christian prejudice and absolute racism. The Christian prejudice and racial discrimination transpires through the use of language and terms of reference. In sixteenth-century Europe, Jews were a despised a nd persecuted minority. England, in fact, went beyond mere persecution and harassment by banning Jews from the country altogether. In theory at least, there

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Evil Of Imperialism In George Orwells Shooting An...

Shooting An Elephant In George Orwell’s narrative, â€Å"Shooting An Elephant,† Orwell recreates his experience as a soldier trying to end imperialism in the country of Burma by shooting an elephant. George Orwell recreates this experience of imperialism being evil through the use of literary devices. Orwell opens his essay by reflecting upon the evil of British imperialism before shooting the elephant. Orwell’s hatred for imperialism is exemplified when he mentions â€Å"was hated by large numbers of people,† revealing that the British were outnumbered by the Burmese even though the British were in charge. Another detail that helps illustrate his hatred for imperialism is when he mentions â€Å"no one had the guts to raise a riot.† This shows that†¦show more content†¦Orwell expresses the evil of British imperialism; this evil imperialism is continued from before shooting the elephant to him hunting the elephant. Orwell illustrates, again, the evil of imperialism, this time while he goes to hunt the elephant. The evil of imperialism is exemplified when he mentions â€Å"despotic governments† showing that they have complete control and power. Additionally, when he discusses the â€Å"bazaar† it helps symbolize the Burmese economy. The â€Å"elephant had suddenly reappeared in the town† and â€Å"the Burmese population had no weapons† helps symbolize the elephant being the British empire is stronger compared to the Burmese. Another detail that helps illustrate the evil of imperialism is when he mentions that the British had â€Å"destroyed somebodys bamboo hut, killed a cow and raided some fruit-stalls† showing that the British will do anything from burning villages to oppressing natural resources to colonize the country of Burma. Orwell continues by mentioning â€Å"mans dead body sprawling in the mud† which symbolizes the Burmese that have been oppres sed. In addition, oppression is symbolized when Orwell mentions â€Å"put its foot on his back and ground him into the earth† showing the poverty the Burmese have to suffer through. Orwell’s use of the word â€Å"crucified† helps reveal the virtuousShow MoreRelated George Orwells Shooting an Elephant as an Attack on Colonialism and Imperialism842 Words   |  4 PagesGeorge Orwells Shooting an Elephant as an Attack on Colonialism and Imperialism    The glorious days of the imperial giants have passed, marking the death of the infamous and grandiose era of imperialism. George Orwells essay, Shooting an Elephant, deals with the evils of imperialism. The unjust shooting of an elephant in Orwells story is the central focus from which Orwell builds his argument through the two dominant characters, the elephant and its executioner. The British officer, theRead MoreThemes InShooting An Elephant, By George Orwell840 Words   |  4 PagesThe Elephant has been Shot Recently I have read the essay â€Å"Shooting an Elephant† by George Orwell. The essay consists of Orwell reliving his younger years, when he was a Colonial police officer in Burma for the British Empire. He further describes the local’s disdain for European presence, him included. A constant theme that appears in the essay is roundabouts or contradictions; an example being Orwell claiming he hates imperialism, yet ironically works as an imperialist cop rather than quitRead MoreEssay on Imperialism: Shooting an Elephant635 Words   |  3 PagesIn George Orwells â€Å"Shooting an Elephant,† deals with the evil side of imperialism. The shooting of the elephant in Orwells story is the central focus from which Orwell builds his argument through the two dominant characters, the elephant and the British officer. The British officer, acts as a symbol of the imperial country and the elephant is the victim of imperialism. Together, the solider and the elephant turns this into an attack on the evils of imperialism. The shooting of the elephant showsRead MoreCritical Analysis Of Shooting An Elephant1165 Words   |  5 PagesIn George Orwell’s story ‘Shooting an Elephant’, insight is given into the life of an oppressor in the British Empire. Orwell, having undergone a significant personal experience, illustrates his experience of imperialism and the resounding effects is has on the ethical conduct and ideals of man, not only of the oppressed but also in regards of the oppressor. Orwell’s ‘Shooting an Elephant’ attempts to convey the sacrifice of one’s morality in service of imperialism. Through the spread of the BritishRead MoreAnalysis Of George Orwell s Shooting An Elephant 1191 Words   |  5 Pagestwo hundred and fifty years and has experienced a civil war since World War II (DVB.no). In George Orwell’s essay â€Å"Shooting an Elephant† (SAE) he describes firsthand the effects of imperialism on the Burmese people and his disapproval of their actions. He established his disapproval of the Burmese with literary devices and his direct first-person narration. George Orwell deems his essay â€Å"Shooting an elephant† credible with instantly addressing the experiences of being a police officer. He presentedRead MoreShooting an Elephant938 Words   |  4 PagesGeorge Orwell’s â€Å"Shooting an Elephant† â€Å"Shooting an Elephant† is an essay written by George Orwell and published in 1936 (Orwell 66). Orwell was born June 25, 1903, as Eric Arthur Blair and passed away January 21, 1950, in India (â€Å"George Orwell Biography†). Orwell was known for his journals, novels, and essays published about his own political views (â€Å"George Orwell Biography†). Orwell traveled to Burma after not doing good enough in school to earn a scholarship and decided to join the imperialRead MoreGeorge Orwells Essay Showing Regret for Shooting an Elephant880 Words   |  4 PagesThis story is a representation of George Orwell’s perception of British imperialism around the world. It is a firsthand account of how imperialism affects both rulers and the oppressed using a short story. The author shows how imperialism is a prison to not only the Burmese, but also the British. The message can clearly be seen though Orwell’s regret in being forced to kill an elephant. The purpose of this essay is to explain Orwell’s true message of anti-imperialism using the nature of tyranny andRead MoreAnalysis Of George Orwell s Shooting An Elephant 1232 Words   |  5 PagesEnglish 1301 02 December 2014 Shooting an Elephant In George Orwell’s essay â€Å"Shooting an Elephant†, Orwell recites a personal experience in which he shoots and kills an elephant while working as a British police officer in the British colony of Burma. While his actions were legally justifiable, Orwell describes his feelings of guilt for his true intentions and rationale for the killing, which he admits to himself as unnecessary and unjust. In slaying the elephant Orwell acts contrary to his ownRead MoreShades of a White Man1206 Words   |  5 Pagesperson’s life. George Orwell was born into a culture of white men, a culture that believes in dominance and superiority, a culture that steps on whoever stands in its way. Imperialism was that culture; the culture that Orwell was influenced by, and suffered from. From my perspective, I believe that even though George Orwell claimed that he was against the imperialist, British culture; â€Å"I was all for the Burmese and against their oppressors, the Britishâ €  (Orwell, Shooting an Elephant, par. 2), he wasRead MoreAnalysis Of George Orwell s Orwell Shooting An Elephant 1189 Words   |  5 Pages   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã¢â‚¬Å"Orwell’s Shooting an Elephant†: Effect of Imperialism in Burma Imperialism is a state of mind, fueled by the arrogance of superiority that could be adopted by any nation irrespective of its geographical location in the world. 1. Evidence of the existence of empires dates back to the dawn of written history in Egypt and in Mesopotamia, where local leaders extended their realms by conquering other states and holding them, when possible, in a state of subjection and semi

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

The Sociological Reactions to the Return of Vietnam Veterans free essay sample

The Sociological Reactions to the Return of Vietnam Veterans Upon their return from the Vietnam War, many veterans were shocked upon the reaction (or lack thereof) displayed by the citizens of the States who had remained on the home front. When finally landing back on American soil, many veterans expected to be greeted with celebration and maybe even a parade, acknowledging their service and dedication to the Vietnam cause. However, veterans were instead greeted by protestors who did not agree with the United States’ participation in the war (ironically, not all veterans wholly supported the cause itself, but instead went out of respect and devotion to their country). In an article written by Vietnam veteran Bill Hunt, it is clear to see that not only were strangers hostile towards veterans, but even friends and family treated the returning soldiers with annoyance, anger, or at the best, apathy. He states that it felt like family members had not even known he was at war; they reacted to his return much like one would react to someone returning from the grocery store: with just a casual hello, disregarding the danger and the high level of devotion that had been experienced. We will write a custom essay sample on The Sociological Reactions to the Return of Vietnam Veterans or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Hunt’s family barely acknowledged that he had ever even gone to war. The experiences of Vietnam vets were simply viewed as a part of every-day life. The war was not even taken seriously by many people, and veterans (specifically Hunt) were appalled by the flippant and insensitive (though innocent and thoughtless) comments made by others, family included. To the vets, it had been a hellish experience, and many experienced Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, depression, and many became dependent on drugs and alcohol to get through the psychological after-effects of being involved in such stressful and torturous circumstances. However, appallingly, many were unable to get the help they needed. Medical aid was not made available to them right away, and a shocking percentage of Americans viewed them as crazy and dangerous to society. Some even thought that the veterans deserved their psychological conditions. Suicide became increasingly common as many veterans experienced completely unfounded hatred and degradation. Part of this is due to the younger generation, which had begun the hippie movement. The ideas of â€Å"peace† and â€Å"love† were emphasized. Because of this, many returning veterans were greeted with shouts of â€Å"baby killer† and other completely untrue and offensive things. They were also given stereotypes of overarching drug use. Additionally, television was available to households for the first time. Because of this, there was no watering-down or censorship of the conditions of the Vietnam War. Many veterans were portrayed incorrectly and much confusion was experienced by the public due to mixed messages. Regardless of the cause, the fact remains that the Vietnam veterans are one of the most unjustly maligned groups of people in American history. The war was politically unpopular and many veterans were accused of a lack of dedication and â€Å"not fighting hard enough†. The disrespect that had been shown towards these veterans was and still is disgusting: regardless of whether or not one agrees with the cause, it is inexcusable that these veterans were not commended for their sacrifice. Comparison to The Return of a Private and Currently Returning Veterans The Return of a Private

Monday, April 13, 2020

Night by Elie Wiesel an Example of the Topic Literature Essays by

Night by Elie Wiesel by Expert Bella Hamilton | 19 Dec 2016 Larson: Firstly, as a reporter, it is my duty to congratulate you on your winning the Nobel Prize for such a small book of just 128 pages. Need essay sample on "Night by Elie Wiesel" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed Wiesel: It is a small book going by the number of pages. But going by its contents, it is the story of the four darkest years of the century, which concerns the entire humanity. Larson: There are several books on World War II, and the Nazi cruelties. What makes your book special? People Often Tell EssayLab professionals: How much do I have to pay someone to write my paper in time? Essay writers propose: Essay Help Provided Here With Beneficial Facilities! Top Essay Writing Company Wiesel: It is not for me to say that the book is special. Readers have found something touching about the contents. But I do wish to say one thing. The book is not written by pen, but through the strong emotions of the heart. Larson: What was the special appeal about the contents of the book? Wiesel: The story of the intense human tragedy. Many of the readers of the book, who directly and indirectly suffered the consequences of World War II, must have recollected their missing mother, raped sister, God forbid, friends and relatives, blood stream, the flying pieces of human flesh and the stinking bodies etc. Larson: Now, coming to your inpidual suffering, what was the life like between the years 1941 to 1945? Wiesel: The expectation of death every moment! The strong feeling that how God can run the affairs of human beings like this? How, human beings, claiming to be sparks of pinity, behave in such a dastardly manner. How can they gas the babies, bayonet and kill them in the most heinous manner? Why those who have the cross dangling on the neck, have no Christ in the heart? Larson: Please describe in detail about the concentration camps. Wiesel: It doesnt need the intelligent vocabulary for the graphic description. Horrid, horrid and more horrid! As I and my father were shifted from camp to camp, we never thought we shall stay alive to reach the next camp. With every shifting, the number of internees diminished. The style in which internees were butchered, are not even comparable to an animal slaughterhouse. Even the killing of animals has a purpose-to secure meat and protein for the appetite of human beings. Here the killings were purposeless. Without any previous enmity! Larson: Name the worst thing that happened to you. Wiesel: That I am still alivethe day we were separated from the rest of the family, mother and my dear sister, life was worst than death thereafter. We were a happy family. Larson: As a boy of 15 then, how did you absorb such grave shocks? Wiesel: My father beside was a great consolation. But for his presence, I just do not know what would have happened to me. Perhaps I would have been a patient in the lunatic asylum. Larson: And what was the silver lining? Wiesel: The final liberation by the American troops. Larson: Did you ever have the ambition to become a writer? Wiesel: Nevernor did I have any opportunity or enthusiasm to write down the notes of the day to day happenings during those four demonic years. Slightest suspicion on the part of the camp authorities would invite tortuous death. The dark events that were committed to memory, also by knowing which, the world outside would have a chance to know the realities of that ignoble period, are taken care of in the book. The description of the brutalities can go on and on endlessly. That is not the main purpose of the book. The book is a silent prayer to humanity that all must strive that such events are never repeated in future. Larson: How this can be achieved? Wiesel: If you mean any political creeds such as Capitalism, Socialism, Communism or Fascism can achieve it, it is impossible. The inpiduals are he building bricks of the society. The inpiduals need to change. Can any religion change people? The answer is both yes and no. Any religion, as it is practiced by the followers today, can not change the society. Mind-level conflicts are bogging down the real growth of religions. But practice of true spirituality can change human beings. Spirituality is something that transcends the mind. At that level, all differences cease; conflicts are no more there. We need to give such an orientation to human beings, right from childhood. When the thought process of the inpiduals changes, the action process also changes! When the thoughts are changed, the mind is changed; when the mind is changed, the man is changed; when the man is changed, the society is changed. Universal peace then becomes an attainable reality. Larson: How your Night is different from your other works A Beggar in Jerusalem, The Fifth Son etc. Wiesel: They are also issue-based books. But Night is something special. Such a book can be written by any author only once in the lifetime. It is a not a well-researched book as such. It is straight from the heart. It is the song of my life and that of my Jewish community. Larson: From a boy in the concentration camp, to become a Professor at the Boston University, and to win the Nobel Prize! Is not the change metamorphic? Dont you still believe in God? Wiesel: An inpidual thinks of issues related to God etc. from the level of the progression of his mind. It is true that as an intensely suffering and a boy with a shattered personality and the devastated family, anybody in my position would turn cynical and will not believe in the existence of God. I was not wrong then; and I am not wrong now. Some Supreme Power ever runs affairs of the world. Larson: Night is your first novel. Its success rate is tremendous. What are your feelings about it? Wiesel: Not one of joy for the success as such. It is the success of human tragedy. But if the number of copies sold is any indication, for the stir that it created in the readers heart, and for the positive outcomes of the samewell, I feel I am amply rewarded. Larson: Recollection of the past is sweet, when the present state of affairs is sound. Is that so in your case well? Wiesel: No. How do you say that the present state of affairs is sound? Mindless violence on various pretexts is happening even now, tough on a smaller scale. This has to totally stop. Wiesel can never be the normal man, whatever is the level of present comfortable conditions. The image of the horror camps and that of the pile of stinking bodies at the crematoriums is ever imprinted on the portals of his mind. Larson: Thank you very much for the information Mr. Wiesel. Any final message to the humanity! Wiesel: The pages of human history daubed in bloodshed on account of mindless violence in World War I and II, Nanking, Nazi concentration camps, religious intolerance, color and race conflicts, aggrandizement of wealth, and territorial annexations, ask the crying question. How to make this Planet Earth heaven-like? The answer is simple and direct, Eyes full of understanding, hearts full of love and the life that refuses conflictsenough, these alone are enough! References Cited: Wiesel, Elie: Book: Night. Mass Market Paperback: 128 pages Publisher: Bantam (March 1, 1982) Language: English ISBN-10: 0553272535,ISBN-13: 978-0553272536

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

The Signal-Man by Charles Dickens and The Red Room by HG Wells Essay Example

The Signal The Signal-Man by Charles Dickens and The Red Room by HG Wells Paper The Signal-Man by Charles Dickens and The Red Room by HG Wells Paper Essay Topic: Best Worst American Stories In the Waiting Room Literature The Haunting Of Hill House For my essay I am going to compare The Signal-Man by Charles Dickens (1866) and The Red Room by H. G Wells (1896). I am going to look at how the writers have crafted their language and structure to produce a growing sense of tension and intrigue. Herbert George Wells was born on September 21st 1866, in Bromley, Kent. He was educated at the Normal School of Science in London. He worked as a drapers apprentice, bookkeeper, tutor, and journalist then in 1885 he became a full-time writer. H. G Wells is best known for his science fiction novels, which often depict the triumphs of technology and also the horrors of 20th century warfare. He also wrote closely about his own experiences and ordeals. Wells died at the age of 80 years, on August 13th, 1946, in London. Charles John Huffam Dickens was born on February 7th, 1812, in Portsmouth, but spent most of his life in London and Kent. He started school at the age of nine, but soon was removed to support his family when his father was imprisoned for debt. Dickens was humiliated by this, and in one of his novels almost completely re-told the story in David Copperfield (1849-1850). He later returned to school, but he was mostly self-educated. He had worked in a shoe-polishing factory as a boy; later on he worked as a legal clerk, a reporter at Parliament and then for his uncles publication The Mirror of Parliament. He also worked for another publication called The Morning Chronicle. Through this he managed to get his works published. He became hugely popular. Dickens died on June 9th, 1870 and was buried in Westminster Abbey. These two writers have a substantial time gap in writing terms. Wells is at the time when modernism is just about to appear, whereas Dickens is in the middle of the more traditional ways of writing. He was a leading figure in Victorian realism. Dickens offers a more formal and traditional style, whereas Wells was just starting to bend them. At the time of Dickens there would not have been the excitement and fear of the new discoveries in science that was around in Wells time. This gave Wells a new type of horror to write about. Both writers lived near or were born in the Kent area. Their surroundings and maybe even experiences would have been very similar. These experiences often appeared in both writers works. Each of their publications reflected past experiences and places that they had seen; although they are very far apart, the way in which they gathered information is very similar. The Red Room is set at Lorraine castle. The first person narrator is a middle-aged man who is investigating claims of a spectre in a certain room in the castle. Three elderly custodians warn him of going to the room. He ignores their cautionary words and ventures up the draughty subterranean passage. A frightening event happens within the room and the man is knocked unconscious. He wakes the following morning to find the elderly people watching him. He has found there is no ghost there at all but something that we cannot control: the fears of fear itself. The Signal-Man is set about a extremely deep railway cutting in the countryside. A rambler, who is the first person narrator, comes across the cutting and finds there to be a signalman working there. They talk on and off for two nights, and to the ramblers surprise learns that the signalman has been seeing a spectre. Each time the signalman sees the spectre an accident occurs soon after. The signalman also tells the rambler that he has recently seen the spectre, and that it was doing a certain action. The following day the rambler finds that the Signalman (was) killed this morning. Although the ghost story has been around since the earliest times it came into its own in the latter half of the 19th century when new events were occurring such as breakthroughs in science and the disintegration of religion. Charles Darwins theory on evolution was changing the way in which people saw their religion; they were starting to question it more. People were afraid of the far-reaching scientists who may go too far. A writer named Mary Shelley played on this particular fear, she created Dr. Frankenstein in which a scientist collects body parts and injects life into the dead limbs, so the creature lives. This links to the gothic novel in ways such as the setting, being dark and foreboding. Uncertainty was all around, people feared what they did not understand. They did not want the change that would come with these new findings. So the writers of the time played on these fears and concerns. They explored the depths of the human psyche, which was inspired by Sigmund Freud who was just beginning to explore the mind in the late 19th century. His work prepared the ground for the breakthroughs in psychology that would contribute towards modernism. The writers were trying to get a story that would affect many people. These stories were also an escape from the harsh life of Victorian Britain. The settings of Victorian ghost stories are often a remote castle or graveyard in a wild and foreboding landscape, with night approaching or with darkness already there. These settings have their roots in gothic novels; the traditions have simply been carried on. Quite often the victim of the story was a solitary person. In The Red Room the twenty-eight year old man stands in the first room with deep-toned, old-fashioned furniture. There is also a queer mirror which abbreviates, broadens and makes the onlooker more sturdy on the opposite wall, suggesting distortion to the onlooker. The presumed housekeepers room is warm but also has an air of age and malice to it. The door to the room is large and Baize covered this hints at a large holding. The passageway is chilly, echoing, long, draughty, subterranean and dusty this is building tension because of the darkness and isolation that the passageway holds. The only light that is in the passageway is by candlelight, which casts vivid black shadows across the walls. This creates atmosphere and tension by giving the man moving, creeping shadows to walk through, the shadows cower and quiver and the he has no idea of what is just out of sight. When he reaches the large sombre room it has corners and alcoves filled with germinating darkness. The darkness of parts of the room suggests that something may be hiding there, That odd suggestion of a lurking, living thing. Wells uses personification here to make the room alive and more frightening, suggesting that at any moment anything could appear and confront the man. Giving the whole castle suggestions of an insidious presence. The room has a perfect stillness which usually suggests that something is imminent, like the calm before the storm. This adds to the growing tension by making the reader have an expectation of what will happen. The actual name of the room the red room suggests that something has happened there before, a murder perhaps due to the red part of the name which points to blood. When the candles begin to extinguish the room turns darker and more foreboding. After the man had knocked himself unconscious he woke to the daylight, now the reader knows that nothing will happen. The daylight makes everything reveal itself; things that were there in the darkness have disappeared. The daylight diminishes the minds questions and its panic, since it can see everything nothing can harm you. The mind no longer runs away with itself in thoughts of the worst-case scenarios. The settings of The Red Room are very much the stereotypical gothic Victorian ghost story, the castle with the old and dusty furniture. The opening parts to The Signal-Man occur at sunset, when everything is nearing dark. This is indicative of an event happening in the near future. The cutting is surrounded by countryside, so if there were a problem you could not get help. In The Signal-Man the railway cutting is very intimidating. The cutting was extremely deep as if the rambler is going into a different world, it struck a chill to me, as if I had left the natural world. The only sign that the real world was still there was a strip of sky. The tunnel is massive, barbarous, depressing and has a forbidding air it is a very secluded and threatening place to be. The entrance to the tunnel has a gloomy red light and with the great dungeon behind it, it almost suggests that it leads to hell. The red light is suggestive of the flames and the tunnel, the darkness of hell. The cutting kills all good thought and provokes depression and misery with its solitary and dismal depths. The small hut, which has a fire, is much more welcoming than the environment around it. Over the two nights they talk they always meet and talk at night. This is done so that the reader thinks that something may happen, which the two men cannot see since it is just out of sight. The final day occurs during sunlight, this conveys to the reader that nothing will happen, giving the reader a false sense of security. The setting of the story is much is line with the typical gothic Victorian ghost story. But the railway cutting is different from the usual castle setting yet they still share the isolation and concealment from the world. The Red Room and The Signal-Man have similarities and differences. One thing they have in common is that both settings are dark, cold and intimidating, but The Red Room is more in line with the traditional ghost genre than The Signal-man is, since it has the typical castle and only a single character. Each story has its own tunnel or passageway, creating mystery and tension; they pose such questions as what is in the tunnel/passageway? What is at the end of the tunnel/passageway? Both stories end with daylight, creating a safer atmosphere in the readers mind. They each use the daylight to deceive the reader into thinking nothing will happen, then the writers surprise them with their twists in the ending. If the writers had ended their stories at night then the readers would have anticipated the ending, giving no surprise or shock to the reader. The Red Room has four characters, with one being the main character. The three elderly custodians who appear at the beginning and at the end of the story add suspense and set the scene. The way Wells uses the word custodians to describe the three elderly people is unusual because, apart from meaning that they are the caretakers of the castle, it may also imply that they hold all the keys. Custodian also suggests a prison guard, keeper or guardian; this could say that the castle is a sort of prison that men and women have died in, and that the young man is unlikely to get out either. The first elderly man is not described in much detail, but what Wells has said about him is that he has a withered arm and has a positive dislike for the second elderly man. The woman with her pale eyes wide open sat staring hard into the fire as if she was looking for something. She sways her head slowly from side to side displaying an unstable, maybe even mad mind. She mumbles more to herself than to anyone in the room (This night of all nights), this adds to the tension and even warns the man that something will happen. She may have even seen the event that happens later in the story. Which so disturbed her that she has turned into the state she is in currently. The third superannuated man is more bent, more wrinkled, more aged even than the first he adds a slight touch of antediluvian and evil to the room. With his small, bright, inflamed red eyes and his lower lip, half-averted, hung pale and pink from his decaying yellow teeth. His eyes seem to be permanently in shadow and his health appears to be failing, he began to cough and splutter. When the young man leaves the room he looks back to find them all close together, dark against the firelight, staring at me over their shoulders, with an intent expression upon their ancient faces. This to me is quite a haunting image, the three of them together, almost like they are plotting against the him. Wells explains more about them collectively than he does individually: they seemed to belong to another age, an older age an age when omens and ghosts beyond denying. Their very existence was spectral. This increases tension by adding mystery, and commenting that they were very spectral may point to the reality that they were in fact the ghosts that inhabited the castle, fashions born in dead brains. The human qualities seem to drop from the old people insensibly day by day this quote says that the elderly peoples life seeps and ebbs away continually, and that there appearances are no longer human. The narrator is eight and twenty years and tries to keep himself at a matter-of-fact phase but fails when the oddness of these three old pensioners affects him in his spirit. He is able to return to his former state of mind soon after with an effort I sent such thoughts to the right-about, but he then faces a dark and unsettling journey. When he reaches the corridor he stops abruptly because he has the impression of someone crouching to waylay me his nerves are such that he mistakes a person for a Ganymede and Eagle (a statue). When the narrator enters the room his mind is starting to fill with thoughts of previous events that had occurred in the room, events that will not help his nerves The great red room of Lorraine Castle, in which the young duke had died. To make himself more comfortable of his surroundings, the young man Began to walk about the room, peering round each article of furniture to make sure nothing or no one was there that could harm him. He also makes sure of the fastening of the door to reassure himself that nothing could get-in. To reassure himself even more he had pulled up a chintz-covered armchair and a table, to form a kind of barricade and on this lay my revolver ready to hand. His state of mind is obviously not good, since to go to the lengths of putting a revolver in front of him just in case is a huge overreaction. He must believe that something was in the room; otherwise he would not take such precautions to protect himself. His mind is overreacting to the shadows and deep recesses of the room, his mind is panicking him, not the room. He knows this and states, I was in a state of considerable nervous tension, although to my reason there was no adequate cause for the condition. To rid himself of the shadows, he decides to bring in more candles from the corridor, seventeen in all. These were so arranged that not an inch of darkness was showing to make the man nervous. Snuffing the candles gives him a job that keeps his mind occupied. Just after midnight the candle in an alcove went out by Jove that draughts a strong one the man said to himself, comforting himself with the sound of his voice. Then consecutively, each candle seemingly extinguished itself, at the same time the narrator is almost frantic with horror of the coming darkness. My self-possession deserted me his mind can no longer retain his self-control. When the last flames distinguished the darkness crushed the last vestiges of reason from my brain he then tries in a vain effort to thrust that ponderous blackness away from me. He then remembers the moonlit corridor just outside the door. And with my head bowed and my arms over my face, made a run for the door, but unfortunately he forgets the exact position of the door and strikes himself heavily on a piece of furniture. At this point his mind is in a complete state of panic, he continued to batter himself against the bulky furniture until a heavy blow on the forehead ends his blind hysteria. When he awakes the next morning his mind was much clearer and calmed. He now realises that he had seen and thought things that were not there, fear that will not bear with reason that deafens and darkens and overwhelms. It followed me through the corridor, it fought against me in the room. A famous quote made by an American president fits very well into the experience of the narrator, there is nothing to fear, except fear itself. The room held nothing but shadows; it was fear that made the man run after the diminishing light. The Signal-Man has one narrator and another main character, there are also three men introduced towards the end. When the signalman is first addressed, he seems to ignore it and turned himself about and looked down the line instead of looking at the rambler above him. The signalman is a dark sallow man, with a dark beard and rather heavy eyebrows there is a use of repetition here to get the point of the mans darkness across. The first conversation the signalman and the rambler hold, is stiff and uncertain. At one point when the rambler turns he detected in his eyes some latent fear of me when questioned upon this the signalman asks whether or not the rambler has ever been to the red light. He answers no and then the signalmans manner clears. The signalman has enough responsibility to bear; but exactness and watchfulness were required of him he cares deeply about his work and it weighs heavily upon him. The rambler also learns that the signalman is remarkably exact and vigilant and is the most appropriate man for the position. Every time the electric bell rang he would break of the conversation and would not speak until all the work had been done. The signalman broke off speaking twice turned his face towards the little bell when it did not ring he would then look towards the red light. When he returned, he had an inexplicable air upon him, so whatever he had seen had either frightened him or made him worried about something. The signalman also speaks of something troubling him, but would not disclose it until their next meeting. This may have been so that the signalman could find the right way to tell the rambler. When the men were outside, the signalman asked when you come tomorrow night, dont call out a very mysterious question to ask. It may mean that he did not want to be frightened the way he had that evening. The signalman discloses what he has been seeing the next night; he is obviously not afraid of the spectre but is afraid of what will happen after it has gone. He still has his rational thought and mind, even though the rambler suggests otherwise, but is proved correct the next morning. The rambler is a very mysterious character, we are never told what he looks like, or what he is wearing, we are only told of his thoughts and actions. To be able to suggest that the signalman was a spirit, not a man may show that he has some belief in the supernatural. When he is told of the signalmans sights he tries to stop the slow touch of a frozen finger tracing out my spine so is a little frightened by this but immediately comes up with a more probable explanation the figure must be a deception of his sense of sight. When he was informed of the first accident that occurred soon after the seeing, a disagreeable shudder crept over me he comforted himself by saying remarkable coincidences did continually occur. But when told of the second accident his mouth was very dry and he could think of nothing to say these coincidences had affected him. When told of the ringing bell that did not ring he regained his composure, he took the signalman to the door to prove that it was not there. Once they resumed their seats the rambler began to think that it was the man himself that was the problem. It was mental torture of a conscientious man, oppressed beyond endurance by an unintelligible responsibility involving life the rambler believes the signalman; even though he precise in his work should be discharged from working otherwise he will brake under the pressure. He does state when he has left the hut that he does not like the red light Nor, did I like the two sequences of the accident this shows he is still human but just does not believe the proceeding events. The following day when he is walking he experiences nameless horror at the sight of a man by the red light, but to his relief finds it to be just a man. In going down to investigate the tarpaulin he learns of the signal mans death, and the words in which the signalman and himself had repeated, I said, below there! Look out! Look out! For Gods sake clear the way! were last things said to the signalman. He now knows that the signalman was correct but paid a high price. In both stories the writers withhold all characters names, this adds mystery and a touch of the unknown to the stories. It makes the reader wonder about who they really are, if theyre good or not, whether theyve just been released from prison a man who had been shut-up within narrow limits or are have genuine intentions. It makes the reader unsure of whom to trust, so they come into the story with an open mind instead of just trusting their narrator. When I first read the sentence from The Signal Man (above quote) I thought that it might have been the narrator who was the ghost, because the narrow limits could also be portrayed as a coffin, in which he had just been released. Each story describes the other characters more than the main one, but the writers keep description to the minimum. The main characters in both stories are male; this may be because they were considered more trustworthy and reliable than their female counterparts who would make the stories less believable. I think that the young man in The Red Room is the most believable character out of all of them; Wells displays his thoughts very vividly so you can almost feel what he is going through. The Red Room is written in the first person, this gives the reader the thoughts of the young man as he goes through the story. It conveys his fears, which the reader can relate to, giving the reader a sense of being there as it happens. A disadvantage to writing in the first person is that the reader knows the young man will survive the stay in the red room. The Red Room opens in the middle of a conversation, putting the reader immediately in story. Tension would be present from the start due to the young man saying, it will take a very tangible ghost to frighten me this gives the reader a hint at what the story will be about. The elderly man also invites intrigue when stating that it is your own choosing making the presumed trip sound dangerous which heightens the tension. When the third man comes in , chilling descriptions are used to add even more tension, red eyes from under shade. When the young man journeys through the passageway tension is built by his frightened thoughts someone crouching to waylay me. There is a trough in the tension when he realises it is only a statue, he then feels calmer and controls his thoughts. The reader then thinks nothing will happen for a while. When he enters the room it is dark and shadowy, tension builds with his thoughts about the remoter darkness of the place things that could hurt him are just of sight. The revolver is there to heighten the tension; it does this by making the reader think it is going to be used, the reader expects it. He solves his problems by bringing in candles that abolish the penumbra and dark corners. This settles his nerves and his mind; the reader then perceives that since there is light and cheeriness in the room nothing will happen, this is where there is a trough in the tension. Then just after midnight tension rockets with the disappearing light, his actions are wild and frantic. But the tension then drops when he knocks himself out and wakes up to daylight. Nothing can happen to him in daylight. The explanation of fear depending upon the reader may cause the tension to rise or fall. Wells uses tension to create a roller coaster ride for the reader, one moment the reader expects nothing to happen but then it does. I entered, closed the door behind me at once, turned the key I found in the lock within, stood with the candle held aloft, surveying the scene of the my vigil, the great red room of Lorraine Castle, in which the young duke had died this extended sentence is there to make it sound as if the man is doing the actions, going through the paces of entering, locking the door and turning around. This displays his minds thoughts, which are quick and short, showing unease. The Signal Man is also written in the first person, this enables the reader to have an insight into the narrators thoughts. The story opens to dialogue, putting the reader straight into the story. The reticence of the signalman to tell the rambler how to get down is suspicious and adds suspense. There is a tension between the two men when they first meet, this will also add to the suspense. After they have finished talking and the rambler is about to leave the signalman says I am troubled t is very difficult to impart if you make me another visit, I will try to tell you this adds tension by making the reader wonder what is troubling the signalman. There is a trough in the tension when the rambler leaves the signalman, but the next night there is jump in tension because the signalman is waiting for the rambler when he returns the following night. The thing that was troubling the signalman is disclosed to the rambler, the tension would rise quickly. But the narrator is doubtful and leaves some hours later, the tension would fall again. The following evening when the rambler is walking he sees a man by the red light, thinking that it is the spectre he experiences a moment of Nameless horror this would relate back to the reader, increasing the tension radically. The tension would then fall, because the narrator sees it is only a man, but then sees the tarpaulin. The tension would go through the roof when the rambler finds that the signalman is dead and what the signalman had said to him the night before came true. Dickens creates tension and then dissipates it to make the reader unsure of what will happen next, which engages the reader and entices them to read on further. Both writers use short sentences to convey actions at a time of nervousness. Each writer makes use of the troughs and peaks of tension in their story. Making sure the reader cannot tell what will happen next. The Red Room is dynamic and upbeat because the storyline introduces new thoughts and actions often, whereas The Signal Man is slower and more stagnant because most of the story is concentrated on the conversations between the two men. The stories are written in the first person giving the reader a first hand view of what is happening. This enables the emotions of the narrator to get across easily to the reader, making the story more real. Both stories were written in 19th century, so the language is slightly archaic, atavistic apoplexy. The archaic language adds tension to the writing by giving it an old air, which is appropriate for the ghost story. The Red Room uses a lot of figurative language, mainly personification to create images in the readers mind, giving them a different way to see the story. The reader can relate to it more if they can see a picture than just words. The use of figurative language starts when he is in the passageway. The shadows cower and quiver this is a good use of personification; it makes the shadows move like they were alive. Cower and quiver are actions that something does when they are scared, so if the shadows are scared then it does not bode well for the young man. A shadow came sweeping up after me and one fled before me into the darkness are both quotes of personification, the shadows move quickly and alarmingly about the man. Lifting the tension because there is almost a point of no return for the man, since they are behind him as well as in front, this also gives the reader a taster of things to come. On one page there are three metaphors, germinating darkness this makes the darkness like an infestation that spreads quickly about the room, it could also mean that the darkness vegetates in his mind making it larger and darker than it really is. My candle was a little tongue of light in its vastness making the room huge and the darkness overwhelming, the candle is not enough to explore all of its hidden depths. And left an ocean of mystery, the ocean means a vastness, endlessness of mystery, with nothing moving or making a sound. But his mind is still full with thoughts. It is the stillness that is frightening, the stillness is not right to his mind; things should be moving or making a sound, but are not. The candles in the room are cheery and reassuring but after midnight the Black shadows sprang back, personification is used here to create the effect of a rapid and sudden darkness that fell upon the room. The fear of the man is portrayed in mostly personification, such as the shadows I feared and fought against returned, and crept in upon me a lot of tension is added with the word crept it suggests a quiet and slow advance of the shadows, that would prolong his nightmare. Like a ragged storm cloud sweeping out the stars is a fantastic simile, it conjures a great storm raging above in my mind. The images of the storm blocking the starlight are great, they are perfect comparisons to the darkness and light. The extended piece of figurative language towards the ending, darkness closed upon me like the shutting of an eye, wrapped about me in a stifling embrace, sealed my vision, and crushed the last vestiges of reason from my brain reflects the sheer panic and terror the man is going through. The writer has used similes and personification throughout the sentence. The first few words of the line describe how quickly the darkness came, the shutting of the eye may indicate death and now that he is in total dark he will not get out alive. Darkness wrapping about him means that the blackness is total and all around, the stifling embrace of the darkness about the man means that it holds him tightly and will not let him go. Crushing the last vestiges from his brain indicates that he has lost complete control of his thought, his mind is thinking on its own and not producing any good thoughts. The writing is long and dynamic, which is a reflection on how fast and how out of control his thoughts are. This reveals the narrators mind and body are out of control. The penultimate paragraph describes the mans black fear as an extended piece of personification, followed me lurks creeps follow deafens. This amount of personification is needed to reinforce the idea that fear is a human attribute that we make, not a room or house. The very last line is cryptic there is fear in that room and there will be- so long as this house of sin endures the reader then asks themselves a number of questions. What has happened to the room/house to make it sinful? How has the sin of the house made people fear that particular room? This ending makes the story unfinished, as a reader this is annoying, but it also makes the story more sinister and malign. Dickens uses more literal language to craft his narrative. Although he does make use of figurative language it is far less apparent than his application of literal language. His descriptions of the environment and characters are very controlled and precise. He relies heavily upon the choice of noun, verb, adverb and adjective to craft his vivid imagery. The narrative shows that Dickens is a Realist writer since it is precise and exact. The description of the cutting has adjectival imagery littered throughout, such adjectives as angry deep violent deadly. These are negative adjectives implying darkness and evil. They get a clear message across that the cutting has a malicious air. The tension of the story is done almost completely on the use of adjectives. Adjectives set the tone for the story; they also add tension and darker tones to it. Dickens uses adjectival images throughout the story, some include daunted damp arbarous monstrous these continue to keep the story sombre and morose. The use of figurative language is limited to just a few instances, one being an angry sunset personification is used to give the atmosphere an even more menacing air. This story was written in 1866, the writing is very cynical maybe the rambler thoughts were the writers own. This was a time when people were starting not to believe ghosts and the supernatural. The verbs and adjectives used are also an indicator to what time the story was written, as I perused the fixed eyes and saturnine face, peru

Monday, February 24, 2020

USA-Census 2010 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

USA-Census 2010 - Essay Example es have added new sets of questions such as nativity and industry as well as questions about occupations, military service, income, education and other important information. And so, besides its original mandate of providing data to be used in congressional apportionment and redistricting, it now collects information for organizations and individuals who make decisions and policies in a wide range of issues. These issues are usually about matters of public relevance including health and education, transportation planning, housing, community service, welfare, economic strategies, among others. The US Census Bureau’s website displays the questions in the 2010 Census form. If it would not be modified, the form would be considered the shortest in the Census history. (The Census Form 2010) It would not use the previous forms and, instead, only 10 questions will be asked. These would include the person’s name, background, house, family and ethnicity. The census form will be sent through mail to be returned once it is filled. The 2010 Census is important for several reasons. Again, it determines the correct representation of Americans in the House of Representatives especially in the coming 2012 elections. Then, the data collected would also help the government allocate the $400 billion dollars of federal funding released each year. (Groves 2010) Because of the Census, this fund is going to be appropriately allocated on infrastructure (i.e. roads, bridges), welfare services (i.e. hospitals, job training centers, schools, senior centers), as well as other emergency services. Participation in the 2010 Census is vital to the US national interest. The US government would not be able to function well because the outdated Census information would make it difficult to: 1) fund projects that are most needed; and, 2) support community decisions about their own future. This is the reason why taking the census is mandatory. Section 6 of the Census Act provides that, â€Å"each